The referee always smiles

January 16th 378AD

We must be careful with our words, for all of them
Have been in other mouths, and over time well chewed.
The ancient Maya engraved substantial words in stone:
Their abbreviated stories lie in those stones condemned
To modest revelations of their complex lives, yet these glyphs
Tell us much about ourselves, and how we stand-alone
In the shadows of their ancient, compelling myths
Revealing our own story, through history accrued.

While the tall glyph laden Stelae stones abbreviate
They also, in their own unique and agile way, delineate
The history and changes each ruler sometimes brought
To his reign, often showing an increasing cruelty of thought,
A libretto trumpeting the eventual end of temporal things
Thus causing their Stelae to become our own historians.

Maya date: ‘twelve kin, four unials and one tun after the seventeenth katun, b’aktun nine.”(1)

Translation: 16 January 378 AD

On that date Stela 31 in Tikal (pronounced: Tea-ca`l) reads:

“Smoking-Frog demolished and threw down the buildings of Uaxactun
(pronounced: Wha-sha`ck-ton)

(and) Great-Jaguar-Paw, the high king of Tikal, let blood from his genitals to sanctify the victory of his warriors.”

The death of Great-Jaguar-Paw is not engraved upon that stone
Nor, that next year Curl-Snout, his son, sits upon the Tikal throne.
Smoking-Frog, Curl-Snout’s uncle actually rules both cities,
As perhaps an imported, other stelae are uncertain, chieftain.
In other words, Smoking-Frog may not have been Jaguar-Paw’s brother.
Such mysteries reflect the punctured stories the Stelae sing.
But that is history and here we’re concerned with poetry, and other
Moments that were then and which constitute the mysterious ring
Of these people of Mesoamerica and their city-state
In the year of our Lord, three hundred and seventy eight.

There had been advance warning.
The tun was but a quarter gone when, in lieu of taxes,
Painted faces, chests and arms began to appear.
A tightening of leather straps around the axes.
Strong were the new made flexible shields,
And newly sharpened stone blades bound upon the spear.
Rites of preparation, purification and sacrifices
Started in the evenings and went right through the morning.
Both sides swelled in their xenophobic pride.
None thinking specifically about the historic ride
They would be taking to their battlefields away:
Uaxactun versus Tikal would be the billing were it held today.
On one side Great-Jaguar-Paw

Against him the spirited Uaxactun –
All warriors on both sides poised for action
In anticipation of greater satisfaction, no one yields
None were willing to withdraw

Uaxactun’s Chief had three wives.
His principal wife had two children,
an infant and a four year old. (2)
The second wife just pregnant.
The most recent wife, no children.

The Chief was a brave man, respectful of the customs, strong
But like many brave intelligent men, his name is lost.
History and poetry alike does that to people.
Very few losers, mostly only winners have names.
Even though he played by the rules of the existing games,
And though standing out within the frames of history, like a steeple
We do not know who he was, only that he was crossed by his people.
Perhaps he wouldn’t want us to know his name or what he did wrong.

They stood like troops of chimpanzees, beating chests,
Shouting insults, waving weapons, cursing, screaming.
Two lines of battle, alike in most respects,
Separated by a savannah of waist high saw grass weaving
Tikal came from the south across a marsh and claimed
A battlefield that would be on the firm ground of the plain
To the east there was a matted jungle forest and to the north
Some ten kilometers the stone templed city of Uaxactun
They could read each other’s eyes.
One by one they dashed in – mild excursions – then retreated
Testing, testing increasing tempo, tempo of the gods
Thumping drums of sacrificial skins.
Great thundering war drums of hollowed logs.
Long wooden horns squeal for victory of pierced foreskins.
Conch horns wail. The warriors sucking in their breath
Eventually tensions exceed the ability to withstand immobility.
The Maya engage each other in ritualistic death.

Select your enemy carefully, one you sensed exposed alone
And was weaker and you clubbed him, sliced him, took
Some blood: made him prisoner careful not to sever
Any arteries left him face down, a prisoner for you.
You bind him that he not escape in the heat of battle; then go look
For another enemy in the dusty battle zoo.
In the end, each side exhausted, took their prisoners, and went home.

Over the almost ten b’acktuns, or so,
This regulated and ceremonial warfare had evolved,
There may have been occasional ransoms –
A repatriated noble for four slaves, or so,
To be either sacrificed or used as labor.
Generally the prisoners were brought to the victor’s home city and, Eventually, sacrificed to the gods from whom all blessings,
Even then as now, flow.
Thus the cities of Tikal and Uaxactun bloomed in mutual suspicion and Ever increasingly virulent wars.

On this day in question, January 16 the planets were aligned
With Venus low in the sky and Jupiter ascending*
Both sides knew the time.
The harvest had been collected.
The rains were long since ended.
The weather, the coolest it would be.
It was time to fight.

In the rainy season – a long trip up the coast (it may have taken years)
Into the land of the Olmec and over mountains, searching for a prize
Smoking-Frog goes to Teotihuacán – now Mexico City – and buys
500 spear-throwers and 1,500 obsidian tipped throwing-spears
Bribing assorted chieftains, allaying assorted fears.

How they are shipped, brought down to Tikal no one knows.
It’s possible they came by trading canoe as far as modern Merida
Then overland to Tikal, by burro or slaves of the Maya
But with what currency did he pay, can you suppose?

With slaves? What did Tikal have that Teotihuacán did not?
Henequen, from which you can make both cloth and a Hashish pot?
Shades of the Mexican cartel – 1600 plus years ago. A prologue?
(Is this why he was called Smoking-Frog?)
Quetzal feathers, chocolate and greenstone jadeite might have been the price for the obsidian spear points and atlatls.

In Mexico City abundant obsidian from the volcanic mountains, four hundred workshops in which the arrowheads and atlatl spear heads were made.
No one knows who made the trade. Probably no one ever will.
But throwing-spears, generally used only for hunting, will soon instill
Fear and destruction far greater than the Maya truncheons

Fermented in the mind of Smoking-Frog a dream
Had come without permission from the gods of the underworld.
A nightmare on a sour stomach, for none had thought the thought before
A muddied hatred of the enemy merging with the heat and difficulty of Taking them one by one.
Voiced in the Maya tongue to brother Jaguar-Paw.
The planning of six tuns is done.
This will be a different war.

The battle starts. The two forces move towards each other,
The axes scream. The grass is pounded down and visibility increases.
The space between the two rippling battle lines decreases
Smoking-Frog stands by his brother, directing a planned and slow retreat.
The forces of Uaxactun sense victory, many captives, especially sweet
Sacrifices for their gods. The gods will not bless them for long.
Uaxactun’s gods are the very same gods worshiped by Tikal.
Then as now, all religions, throughout the world, sing the self-same song.
Brother prophets, Jesus, Mohammed, Buddha and Luther –
Their worshipped God identical to the other.
Uaxactun’s warriors come prancing in, like the swarm of Ghengis Khan.
They eye the retreating Tikals, sizing up each man.

At the iconic moment known only to Smoking-Frog,
He flashes a mirrored signal to his right where, at the jungle’s edge Surrounding the meadow are gathered in the shadows
Five hundred Tikal warriors.

These march into the fray, like Christian soldiers,
Into the huddled hordes of Uaxactun, set up for the slaughter.
They hurl their obsidian tipped hunting spears.
Their razor sharp lightweight arrowheads shaped like tears
Their jaguar hunting arrows. Their animal hunting arrows.
Were the fight today the order would have been “fire at will.”
And then together, not alone, not each man selecting his opponent,
But in teams with one man grabbing at the headdress attempting to extend The neck pulling hair with another using his jade tipped spear, they kill.
They slash, they butcher, and the blood shines resplendent in the afternoon sun.
It glazes the swale with a marsh like slick of the Uaxactun life force.
It is a pigeon shoot.
It is fish in a barrel.
It is indiscriminate.
It was a massacre.

There is no precedent for slaughtering warriors.
Ritual sacrifice, of course.
Slaughter, no.
Man einfach nicht tun
Ten b’aktuns of ceremony flown
All precedence blown
A poetic moment of fame
Enhanced by screams of pain.

The distance between Tikal and Uaxactun is some twenty kilometers.
The battle takes place half distant.

It does not take Smoking-Frog long to march with his rape prone warriors into Uaxactun
Declare his conquest, bringing with him a few
Bound and bleeding warriors.

The people cannot imagine, in their wildest fears, what has happened, what will happen. Astonishment and grief.

Grief is what separates us from what arrows are made for.

The remaining Uaxactun warriors are either dead or held by the Tikal warriors on the battlefield, then escorted to Tikal where they will be sacrificed.

The following year Uaxactun’s nameless Chief is ritualistically beheaded
At the end of a ritualistic pelota game.
The ceremony is of such importance
He is beheaded on the temple steps rather than on the ball court itself.
The year’s grace gives him plenty of time to think.

So that the Chief’s lineage would be snuffed out, the Tikals build,
In a sacred square in Uaxactun, a funeral temple.

At the dedication, the Chief’s two sons and their mother are thrown into the foundations.
They drop about thirty feet onto stones.
Following them the terrified still pregnant wife.
She, too, is dispatched to the underworld. (2)

The five bodies were uncovered in 1950.
Unusual, most graves of this era are solitary.
An early foretaste of Dachau, or merely a reminder that
Human instinct to kill is of long standing?

It is thought the third wife was taken by Smoking-Frog to be his own Thus binding the dynastic wounds inflicted upon their neighbors
By the Tikal.

The Tikal impose this new poetic vision of war upon their neighbors,
As horrifying to them then as the eventual and inevitable atomic
bombs that will some day descend upon us.

Imagine you’re a professional boxer scheduled to fight
For a world championship.
In the pre-fight ceremony under the stadium you pray, and ceremoniously, After bandaging your hands, your second ties on your boxing gloves.
When you climb into the ring, your opponent comes in without any gloves.
He has in his unencumbered hands, a loaded snub-nosed .38-caliber pistol,
And the referee is smiling.

On May 1, 562 AD “Lord Water,” the rapacious King of Caracol,
Tikal’s rival city from the East
Mastering the same Tlaloc-Venus “ax-war” action that had defeated Uaxactun two centuries earlier, produces another iconic moment:
Another intellectual breakthrough that overrides tradition.

Who goes to war in the hot month of May without the proper alignment of the planets? Who?
Who starts a war when your enemy’s warriors are in their fields planting? Who?

“Lord Water,” that’s who, and he destroys Tikal, (3)
Lord Water, using his brain while the Tikals thought of rain
Laid waste to Tikal as the Tikalese were planting grain
They succumbed to annihilating mayhem,
So, who says the ancient Maya aren’t just like us, replete with guile?
And lest we forget our history, remember the referees always smile.
Yes, remember it is only the referees that smile.

(1) The translation of the date is correct. The facts in this story are assembled from the masterpiece of Mayan history, “A Forest of Kings” by Linda Schele and David Freidel. (1990 William Morrow)

Specifically, Schele describes the battle between Tikal and Uaxactun in chapter 4. (Pages 130-164.) But, Prof. David Stuart, now of the University of Texas in Austin has studied the same Stella and, as sometimes happens in scholarly work, concludes (in a paper delivered at Princeton in 1996 and revised in 1998) the battle never took place “at least not on that date.” He suggests that Smoking Frog actually came from Teotihuacan, becoming a “foreign” king in the Maya lands. He further suggests that because the appropriate stelae are not engraved with the glyph for “war” to denote the battle on January 16, the war did not happen. Far be it from me to intrude upon the professional preserves of the archeologist, but I wonder if the scribes did not use the “war” glyph because “war” was a ritual event with strict rules and, what happened that day was not ritualistic war but something else, for which they had not the vocabulary, nor the glyph to describe it, so devastating was it. But that is history and I am not concerned with the history, only the story. I take poetic license to create my own imaginary vision of what actually happened on that date. Whether Smoking Frog was Jaguar Paw’s brother or his superior from Teotihuacan, something very drastic happened between the Uaxactun and Tikal, and through this story I’m only trying to offer you an insight into the seismic shift in the human understanding of life and death and its meaning that took place in Mesoamerica in or around the year 378 AD and which stays with us today.

As previously stated, the dates are “correct.” In the Mayan calendar – a kin is a day, a unial is a month of twenty days, a tun is a year (of 260 days) and a katun is approximately 20 years. The b’acktun, of 400-year cycles, is often not written; it being assumed one knows within 400 years what one’s writing about. While the Mayan calendar ends on 23 December 2012 and began 13 x 400 years earlier, no current Maya believes the world will end then. The calendar will simply begin repeating itself. The Maya did believe the world has been destroyed and reborn many times – its first birth occurring some 41.3 x 1027 years ago, and the most recent at the start of the current calendar.

*There was no great significance to this particular combination at that time. Later, many of the battles between the city/states of the Maya were scheduled for unique similar astrological combinations, relating to Venus and Jupiter but not, apparently, the Tikal/Uaxactun massacre of 378AD.” Again, as stated in “A Forest of Kings.”

(2) Ibid Footnote #51 page 447

(3) Ibid page 173

Realizations Two

After the thunder rumbled away the lighting and Cocijo, God of Rain, Laughing, said he’d see us tomorrow and perhaps leave a deposit then,
It slowly dawned that we were more powerful than He –
Since we could shower whenever we wanted and to hell with the God of

In the pantheon of deities, Cocijo is rather important especially
In the parched high desert valleys in southern Mexico where we live.
To feel superior to Cocijo is tantalizing but rather risky.

Yet, have we not all fantasized the usual stuff?
Handmaidens, the marble halls, the hordes of people worshipping?
Intellectually, we roam the globe persuaded our own godliness extends
And pervades not just the desert, the globe, but the whole universe?
Nevertheless, with the humility of being number one deity,
Let us then allow our perfection and totalization
Might not be relevant in other universes throughout the totoverse.
That is the downfall. Same as Cocijo’s. Not to be absolutely all powerful; a chink
It slowly, insidiously widens, like a cracked windshield.

A slippery slope replaces the chink for soon, you learn, as you sink
Our realm was somewhat smaller than we’d first assumed.
It is not possible to order even a brief shower to quench the parched corn.
We have to wait for Cocijo after all.



After the thunder chases away the lightning, the rolling ceases and in the distance a squeak
Cojio, the rain god laughing he’ll not visit today, but maybe he’ll come by next week.
The dry heaves of the land, languishing – longing for water, even tears will do,
Life created you, Cocijo, and for that you have promises due.
They too nourish the land.

But what heart has not more to offer than any brain
With only four compartments, all of them wet:
The heart holds more than the dry brain
But the heart, not brain, supplies the rain
Remember Paul Verlaine, remember his knife:
The brain in its pain surrenders to the knife
The brain supplies lightning and thunder, yet
Cojio and the heart – they provide life.

So, Coijo, every year we wait for you as trees wait for the spring
Then so soon you’re here then gone like birds upon their wing
Your voice fades as the skies turn grey, but certainty takes hold
It won’t be long before you’re back: at least that’s what we’ve been sold.
We hope before we’re old.



James “Jim” Wyly (15 Nov 37) was born in Kansas City, Missouri. As a child, even at the ages of 2 and 3 he could draw recognizable people and buildings. He was encouraged by his great uncle, a professional painter, but his parents’ priority was music, especially the keyboard, as they had a piano in their home. By the age of 5 Jim was able to play classical music. He always had teachers for music theory and composition.

At the age of 17 Jim enrolled in Amherst College in Massachusetts, where he received his BA in English literature. He attended graduate school at the Conservatory of Music of the University of Missouri where he received his Doctorate in Music. His dissertation, on 18th century Spanish organ construction, was written in Madrid, Spain with the aid of a Fulbright grant, and was finished in 1964. Jim worked for 4 years at Elmhurst College, in Illinois, and 8 years at Grinnell College, in Iowa, as a Professor of Music.

In the 1970’s Jim became interested in the psychology of Carl Jung. Life in rural Iowa was beginning to feel rather limiting so in 1976 Jim and his wife, Mary moved to Chicago where he went back to school and received a Doctorate in Clinical Psychology in 1981, after which he got a certificate in Jungian Psycho-Analysis. In Chicago he set up a private practice which he maintained until 2003 when he and Mary retired and moved to Oaxaca.

In Chicago Jim’s wife, also a musician, worked as the Associate Librarian at the Newberry Library of Chicago. Mary has been very supportive of Jim’s art.

When they first moved to Oaxaca they rented a 300-year old home owned by the Rodolfo Morales Foundation. They loved the house but found that it didn’t suit all their needs so, with the help of Oaxacan friends, they were lucky enough to find property in the Centro Histórico; and with their architect friend, Guillermo de la Cajiga, uMG_1691they designed and over the next two years built and finished (2008) their dream home, where they currently live. Here, Jim has all the space he needs to play his music and paint as well as does Mary, with her great kitchen and well stocked library. In Jim and Mary’s spacious and modern front room they have Jim’s clavichord and harpsichord and Mary’s piano.

With the move to Oaxaca Jim was at last able to return to his childhood passion and paint full time. Jim studied painting in Chicago with the artist and restorer Helen Oh, who taught him historical techniques from the 17th and 18th centuries. In addition to her, among artists whose styles influenced Jim’s are 17th century masters such as Rembrandt, Velázquez, Caravaggio, and Vermeer, as well as twentieth century painters, such as Remedios Varo, Leonora Carrington, Balthus, Paul Delvaux and many others. Jim describes his art as “somewhere on the line between surrealism and realism.”

Jim has had four art exhibitions in Oaxaca, the most recent (2010) at Casa Oaxaca by Galería Quetzalli.

For more information on James Wyly as well as viewing his gallery site, visit Jim’s website at You may contact Jim at

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LORENA MONTES-Photoshoot in Oaxaca

2xeMG_2646_edited-12xeMG_2508_edited-23xeMG_26711-23xeMG_2493_edited-14xeMG_2420_edited-1 copy5eMG_2645_edited-16eMG_2506_edited-1Lorena is a full time artist living in Oaxaca. Her obras can be seen on her Facebook Page as well as on Jaguar Speaks at <>. Lorena also has a Facebook page exhibiting her obras at:>.

An Exhibition of Lorena’s obras is planned for 1 December 2012, 7 pm, at La Olla Restaurante, Reforma No. 402 Centro Historico, Oaxaca. For info, or Alan Goodin at

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Some of Lorena’s painting and an interview can be seen on You Tube at: <>.  Also see Lorena’s work on Youtube at:

Posted 11-2012


Lorena Montes, a Oaxacan artist, was born in Oaxaca (13 de junio de 1980). She begin serious painting in 2000 and has since had many exhibition. While she has many favorite artist, in Mexico, Tamayo tops her list, internationally, Egon Schile. She studied art at Taller de Artes Plasticas Rufino Tamayo.

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See Lorena’s work on YouTube  with Lila Downs singing at:

Also view her works at: with the voice of Nayeli Nesme.

Oaxaca, corazón, Lorena Montes (See Lorena’s Obras at: <>.

Lorena Montes se busca en Oaxaca, su ciudad, con tesón. Y lo hace a través de las artes: el dibujo, la pintura, el grabado y la mixtura de técnicas. Porque, pese a sus escasos 30 años, es una maestra en tierra de maestros, Oaxaca, la ciudad de los artistas en México.

Cuando la conocí en Barcelona (2004), ella estaba aprendiendo a grabar con Juan Alcázar. Viajaban juntos. El maestro grabador me telefoneó y nos reunimos los tres para compartir un tradicional esmorzar de forquilla en la Fonda Europa de Granollers. Así la conocí. Les había dado mis señas Francisco Toledo, el mítico artista y agitador cultural oaxaqueño, a quien yo había tratado fascinado en mi entonces reciente primer viaje a México (2003), tras tener noticia de él por dos exposiciones colectivas europeas previas, Col·lecció Jean Planque: la novel·la d’un col·leccionista (Barcelona: Museu Picasso, 2002) y Oaxaca, Tierra de Arte: uno sguardo sull’arte contemporanea messicana (Torino: Palazzo Bricherasio, 2003). En la primera, Francisco Toledo era el artista más joven de la colección internacional; en la segunda, la gran figura viviente de una brillante muestra local, en compañía de Rodolfo Morales, Rufino Tamayo, Sergio Hernández, Luis Zárate, Demián Flores, Guillermo Olguín, Maximino Javier, Filemón Santiago, Rubén Leyva, Alejandro Santiago y José Villalobos. Al visitar el Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Oaxaca, amplié la nómina con Francisco Gutiérrez, Rodolfo Nieto… Oaxaca es, en verdad, Tierra de Arte. El verano pasado volví a la ciudad para dar charlas y lecturas. En esta ocasión conocí personalmente a la poeta zapoteca Irma Pineda, al maestro ceramista Claudio Jerónimo, al maestro escultor Víctor Orozco… y volví a ver en su medio a la joven Lorena Montes, ahora con un taller propio que visité gustoso. De este enjambre artístico oaxaqueño, caracterizado por un peculiar sentido onírico de lo real, proviene la paciente y valiosa labor de nuestra maestra buscándose, escudriñándose con la mano que pinta, dibuja, graba… convertida en instrumento de mirada. Certera y metódica, interior y exterior, late. Oaxaca, corazón, Lorena Montes.

El autorretrato deliberado y metódico es un género moderno, de gran eclosión contemporánea, cuyos primeros eslabones relevantes nos remontan a Durero, Rembrandt y Goya, y cuyo desarrollo pasa, en coexistencia con la fotografía, por Van Gogh, Matisse, Picasso, Toledo… hasta nuestro siglo XXI. En literatura, las escrituras del Yo, hoy tan en auge, nos remontan a Montaigne (Les Essais) y Rousseau (Les Confessions). Podría decirse, en este sentido, que Montes practica un arte del Yo, lo que en las letras más recientes consideraríamos como autoficción, ese terreno borroso en el que la realidad se rebasa a sí misma sin renunciar a ser real. Un terreno en el que Proust se anticipó con brillantez. Helo pues: aquí, así, nos late el arte de Lorena Montes. Y digo que nos late porque se rebasa a sí misma y, explorándose, nos explora; y acabamos, cada uno, latiendo con su corazón en Oaxaca. Porque descubriéndose ella nos descubre.

Ramon Dachs

Oaxaca, corazón, Lorena Montes.

En:  aDa Art Gallery (Barcelona) del 8 al 20 de abril.


13 de Junio de 1980 Oaxaca, México.


2011.- Oaxaca, corazón. Lorena Montes Galeria Ada. Barcelona España
Lorena Montes. Obra gráfica Café-bar-lounge Ebano, Barcelona
2010.- Introspección Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, México.
2008.-Cuarto Creciente, Taller de Artes Plasticas Rufino Tamayo, Oaxaca.
2007.-Acuarelas,en el del festival “Humanitas” Restaurant Ma Bonita,Oax
2005.-Tejiendo Miradas, Restaurante Galería La Olla, Oaxaca.
Espejismos, Galería Axis, Oaxaca.
2004.- Mirada Intima, Restaurante Galería La Olla, Oaxaca.
2003.- Entre Mares Desiertos, Restaurante Galería La Olla, Oaxaca.
2002.- Origen Galería Tiburcio Ortiz, Oaxaca


Expo Aniversario Galería aDa Barcelona España
Expo Yo pinto en el Taller de Artes Plásticas Rufino Tamayo. Oaxaca.
Expo Colectiva Galería La Colección Puebla, Puebla
Neblina Morada Paraninfo de la Facultad de Derecho UABJO. Oaxaca
Variaciones de Oaxaca, Sede de la Unesco, Barcelona España.
Sobreviviendo, Manéjese con cuidado. (Carpeta Grafica) Museo de los Pintores oaxaqueños y Galería Casa Lamm, Mexico DF
Tercera generación del Taller de Artes Plásticas Rufino Tamayo, Museo de los Pintores oaxaqueños.
Presente y pasado en la Plástica Oaxaqueña, Casa de la Cultura Oaxaqueña.
Matices de Oaxaca Exconvento del Templo de Sta Maria de la Asunción, Tlaxiaco,Oax.
Exposición de Grafica del Taller Rufino Tamayo Oaxaca. Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de Mexico.
Nueva Plástica Oaxaqueña, en el Museo de los Pintores Oaxaqueños.
Museo Conner de la Universidad de Texas A&M Kingsville Texas.
Homenaje a Diego Rivera, Museo Anahuacalli, México DF.
Una Noche de Arte Oaxaqueño, En el Museo del Risco, Ciudad de México.
Orquídeas de Oaxaca, en el Museo de la Filatelia, Oaxaca Oax.
Oaxaca en España, Universidad Francisco de Vitoria Pozuelo de Alarcón Madrid, España.
Cuicapiques y Tlacuilos, Centro Cultural Casa Lamm. México.
Titeregrafías Coordinación de Relaciones públicas y comunicación del Estado, Tlaxcala Tlax.
Edición Limitada, Galería del Centro Cultural de Chiapas Jaime Sabines.
Acuarelas en el centro Mexicano de la Tortuga, el Mazunte Oaxaca.
2002 Mujeres, colores y Texturas, Exposición de mujeres creadoras en la casa de la mujer Rosario Castellanos.
Muestra de Artes Plásticas del XXVII Festival de invierno en el Museo de Arte Assis Chateaubriand de la universidad Estatal de Paraiba Campina Grande Brasil.
Exposición colectiva en la Galería de la Fundación Politécnico AC. México..
Exposición de grafica, Instituto de Investigaciones estéticas de Veracruz.
Subasta de Arte Bienal de pintura y grabado Paul Gauguin en la Casa Guerrerense en el DF.
Exposición de becarios, Galería Tonalli SEDESOL, México DF.
Graphsodia en la Pinacoteca de la Universidad Autónoma de Guerrero.
¿Corazón porque no amas? Galería Rodolfo Morales del centro Cultural Ricardo Flores Magón. Oaxaca oax.

• Acervo Artístico de la Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana
• Museo nacional de Arte de Bolivia
• Museo de la Nacion, Perú
• Museo de Arte y Diseño Contemporaneo de Costa Rica
• Museo de Arte Contemporaneo del Ecuador.
• Museo de Arte Contemporaneo de la Universidad de Chile.
• Museo de Arte Assis Chateaubriand de la Universidad Estadual de Paraiba Campina Grande, Brasil.
• Universidad Tecnológica de la Mixteca, Huajuapan de León, Oaxaca

Ramon Dachs
(Ramon Dachs is librarian of Universitat Pompeu Fabra in Barcelona, the city where he was born in 1959.)

More of Lorena’s work can be seen on her website at:



barn owl asleep on a high beam
the buttercups and the crickets
undiscovered springs in the earth
coyote, the mischief-maker
life hidden in an old stone wall
now wonder and wander away
henceforth and so forever more
for thus i carve you a mystery
drifting with the sadness of life
sorrows of the long unnumbered
a puzzle of these planet things

the simple longing and dying
of sweet life-forms so innocent
of creatures that you and i love
a dozen wildcats that leave us
a thousand insects that taunt us
whispering breezes of summer
and groundhog holes by the garden
the deep greenness of the forest
oh, such primeval forms of joy

the rocky creek tumbling so steep
next to the overgrown orchard
and moss by the water so sweet
a praying mantis in the grass
the geese circling over the pond
the green frogs and the long black snakes
yellow jackets and honey bees
may apples along the old lane
near the civilization tree
a possum clings to a sapling
its eyes seem so strange in the night
and right by our pond at the dam
a hidden crevasse in the roots
of a leaning ancient birch tree
where we used to hide our treasures
of bluebells and four-leaf clovers
a lifetime of high adventures
playing in that bright little creek
contentment in the pure coldness
salamanders between our toes
the orioles and bluebirds
wild turkeys by the old harp tree
and the indian arrowhead
that we found in a cow pasture
the sagging wooden barnyard fence
the outhouse and low chicken coop
and high above the waterfalls
the ruins of a limestone kiln

wide fence rows and old cattle paths
the cattails near springs by the swamp
where two spotted fawns thrilled us all
a block of salt always under
the bent-over mulberry tree
for white-tailed deer by the dozens
half-tamed skunk near hole at the shed
the old corncrib and the hayloft
cherry trees in youthful white dress
hummingbirds over the violets
dancing with an airy frenzy
and the graveyard by the old church
carefully hiding our lost friends

a kitten peeks around the porch
where bats hide under the rafters
as wooden shingles tumble down
and straight across the rough high lawn
where the monarch butterflies float
a platform in the apple tree
where we slept through a starlit night
and beyond the thousands of trees
way off so far in the distance
the faintest long-haunted murmur
of a sleepy county village
that life-forms would be brave and true
that love of the woods should prevail
these are the yearnings of the earth

the wildest joys of a midnight
solitary walk to the cave
as a fierce hunting bobcat screams
in the gloom and upsetting fog
what remote ancestor of ours
once howled in that dark narrow hole
what near-human form raged at death
where the huge boulders of the cliff
carve strange depressions in the soil
we respect our mystical hills
for we are lovers of the woods
we’ll never betray the green earth

the soft winds of april beckon
and animals are on the prowl
a weasel chases a rabbit
down lilac lane into the swamp
while over toward hexenkopf rock
a most lonely passing black bear
is sleeping on a side-long hill
the birthday trail along the ridge
and down below in the hollow
a meadow-tuft where two brooks meet
with a rock jumble guarding all
and the snake trail that we once made
whenever we’d climb the old hill
then a hundred hilltops we’d see
thickets of wineberry bushes
the apple trees, pear, peach, and quince
may leaves, one thousand shades of green
the skunk cabbage and trout lilies
wild strawberry picking in spring
oh the love of these smiling hills
soft music of the woods and streams
the serene mood of our landscape
and the wildness lingering on
the chipmunks would play at our feet
as we’d swing on sturdy grapevines
turtles laid eggs on the south slope
gray squirrels dined in the cornfields
the tree frogs would chirp in april
and field mice that lived on our porch
the maple trees, willows, and beech
old sycamores and the poplars
for that endless green sea of trees
once stretched to the ends of the earth
blossoms and branches of whitman
the ghoul-haunted woodlands of poe
deep deep woods of raggedy ann

at twilight in the upper field
on a flat rock i once waited
for whatever would come to pass
a red-tailed hawk signaled from high
a movement close by in the earth
and a fox walked straight up to me
as our eyes met in the dim light
a mist floated up from the woods
and thoughts of the fox echoed ’round
nearby on branches crows gathered
oak trees leaned over to listen
could the green live on in the end
would the forest come back again
in my heart i felt that it could
then dream now with few vexations
for the light is fading away

that room in the unpainted barn
bantam chickens perched in a row
by day a raccoon slept near there
a dusty white horse lives below
that old collie dog’s still barking
right under the first walnut tree
how we love the charms of these woods
we’ll never forget our sweet hills
at night-time i stroll down the lane
and wonder then how i’m so poor
my one shirt is torn at the sleeves
really have nothing to read now
but moonlight on tulip tree leaves
the farmers have all gone away
and the dogwoods fill in the fields
with cedars as their companions.

frank parmer snider

Chavez expresses art work at KU–Published by William Muller in Culture

Chavez expresses art work at KU

Mexican printmaker César Chávez has been welcomed by KU’s Visual and Performing Arts Student Gallery from his journey from Mexico. Chavez’ first trip to the U.S was to visit KU and show students his style of art.

Born in 1979 in Puebla, Mexico, he has been well-received in the art scene because of his political and truthful art. Chávez  studied Fine Arts at Benito Juarez University, Oaxaca. He is best known for his prints, but he is also a painter and an installation artist. César uses relief prints, woodblock, wheatpaste and linoleum block prints.

KU had the rare opportunity to have Chávez come to KU as a visiting artist. It is hard it is to get a temporary visa to get into the U.S. This visit to KU is the first ever trip to the U.S Chávez has ever embarked on.

In 2006, Chávez founded the Assembly of Revolutionary Artists of Oaxaca (ASARO) and was the master printer for the organization.

ASARO is collectively known for their representations of “street art” murals, stencils and prints, which is what Chávez focuses on.

During Chávez’s time as master printer for ASARO, the social climate of Oaxaca was anything but pretty. In May 2006, a teachers’ strike got out of hand and the local police opened fire on a peaceful protest. A few human rights organizations claimed that 27 people were killed, including an American activist named Brad Will.

A lot of the inspiration for his work comes from the social conflicts that were and are still present in Oaxaca.

“I look at a lot of newspapers and police reports and take into consideration what events are occurring with the political and social climate of Oaxaca,” Chávez said through his translator.

Even if someone doesn’t know the slew of political and social events that inspired these works, the technicality in which he executes the work is astounding. His immense attention to detail is powerful and stands out among other woodblock prints.

Chávez’ work encompasses the ideas of distorted figures, representations of violence, sexuality, and dark images not traditionally seen in prints. A snake is a reoccurring image within his work, perhaps suggesting the evils of society.

“My work is kind of like abstract art; everyone has their own point of view and they each take away something different,” Chávez explained.

Though Chávez is still working in conjunction with ASARO, he is now turning his focus to curetting a body of personal work which the series will be called “Malos Tratos.”

In 2011  he was awarded with an “Emerging Artist Grant” from the Foundation of the Arts in Puebla, Mexico. This grant will allow Chávezto devote his time to coming up with the body of work for his personal collection.

He plans to create an animated film based on the prints that he makes for this project.

Chávez has exhibited internationally and has visited as a visiting artist a universities in Valencia, Spain and in Nagoya, Japan. His work is now included in the collections of Princeton University, UCLA and now KU.

Chávez has been critically acclaimed and has been given numerous awards including the Takeda Prize at the 2010 Takeda Biennial of Graphic Arts.

He currently resides and works in Oaxaca, which the city is “famed” for its visual artists.